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Obesity

Cyclooxygenase Pathway Activation in Sleep Apnea Syndrome

"Patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) exhibit an early vascular remodelling and alterations of acid arachidonic pathway 2.  Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) is a cycloxygenase (COX)-derived metabolite of AA involved in vascular remodelling."

"Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the activation of some components of the cyclooxygenase pathway.  OSA is associated with activation of the thromboxane A(TXA2)-pathway, in which obesity seems to be a major confounding factor." 

"Urinary excretion of 11-dTXB2 did not differ between OSA patients free of cardiovascular complications and healthy volunteers but increased in OSA patients with cormobidities compared to OSA patients without 694.0 (425.9-1235.6) versus 616.0 (354.3-838.2) pg/mg creatinine respectively; p=0.007). Finally, urinary 11-dTXB2 was increased by 30% in OSA Patients with cartoid hypertrophy (IMT>compared to OSA patients without carotid hypertrophy (783.0 (582.8-938.0) versus 592.9 (278.9-782.5) pg/mg creatinine, respect p=0.02)."

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Impact of commonly prescribed exercise interventions on platelet activation in physically inactive and overweight men

"The exercise paradox infers that, despite the well-established cardioprotective effects of repeated episodic exercise (training), the risk of acute atherothrombotic events may  be transiently increased during and soon after an exercise bout.  However, the acute impact of different exercise modalities on platelet function has not previously been addressed.  We hypothesized that distinct modalities of exercise would have differing effects on in vivo platelet activation and reactivity to agonists which induce monocyte-platelet aggregate (MPA) formation."

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Pentraxin 3 and platelet activation in obese patients after gastric banding

"High-sensitivity CRP decreased by 24 & 29.7% (P<0.0001), whereas CD40L decreased by 64.3 and 58.6% (P=0.002), respectively.  Urinary 11-dehydro-TxB2 decreased from 1,433 to 715 and 564 pg/mg creatinine, respectively, 6 months and 12 months after LAGB (P<0.0001). PTX3 was inversely related to platelet activation markers, 11-dehydro-TxB2 and CD40L.  Moreover, multiple regression analysis on pooled data showed that plasma PTX3 was an independent predictor of urinaty 11-dehydro-TxB2."

“There is an association between inflammation, platelet activation and metabolic dysfunction in obesity, and PTX3 is a key player within these circuits.”

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Platelet activation in obese Women. Role of inflammation and oxidant stress.

“Women with android obesity had higher levels of 8-iso PGF2alpha and 11-dehydro-TxB2 than nonobese women.” 

“Both 8-iso PGF2alpha and 11-dehydroTxB2 were higher in women with android obesity than women with gynoid obesity” 

“Of 20 women with android obesity, 11 achieved successful weight loss, which was associated with statistically significant reductions in C-reactive protein (median change 23%  p<.05), 8-iso PGF2alpha (median change 32%  p=.04) and 11-dehydro-TXB2 (median change 54% p=.005)." 

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